More linked to corruption and backwardness, oil in Mexico is again the center of the much missed “development.” If it was before the administration of plenty “, now takes the form of sovereignty and defense of the oil. But after the debate, came the oil reform in Congress, which was presented as an energy reform, however, rely solely on oil. A final draft of the president to open up Pemex to foreign investment under the current term in which the State bears all costs, including that of corruption. Please visit Danny Meyer if you seek more information. Develop an action plan and management of the unit to have an administration guide and the goals for the short, medium and long term.
It will set priorities, projects, plans and programs to run on the drive, and actors with goals clearly defined.
Applications were made to fund programs that promote the implementation of these projects were invited to universities, higher education and scientific institutions to participate in bidding for certain projects.
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The Nigue estate is located 10 km north-east of Queule, between the coast and the river Queule. The land is owned by the Corporacion Nacional Forestal (Conaf) and accommodate a total of 88.18 ha and the description of the resources present are as follows:
Of the total, 50 that is has about 44 covered by a biomass consisting of a pine plantation of Pinus radiata D. Don.
This plantation was completed around the year 1977, ie 30 years ago in the sandy soils of the property Nigue, in order to control the dunes in the sector, a time when engaged in an intensive but inestructurado national afforestation plan.
At present, this heritage in monoculture, is completely deteriorated and devalued and lacked any processing of forest management throughout its life.
In short, the action consists of a forest cover rickets amorphous profuse in dry branches attached to the trunk, with damage and natural defects such as multiple trunks intertwined and plaited areas devoid of vegetation, fallen tree by the wind and irregularity of the deck forest.
It should be added the systematic and substantial damage caused by anthropogenic neighbors and villagers in the cutting of trees and even spontaneous theft of the poor quality on the site.
Since the path-Tolt n Queule the eastern profile of the property is valued as a long curtain homogeneous, but the image is only a thin mask or screen that hides in a final cover consisting of amorphous and biomass degraded without commercial value and that no substantive contributes to economic or social value.
Activation of Nigue Premises:
This project proposes a total remodeling of the property Nigue, with replacing the existing deck with a new one, to build together with a number of other factors and resources, a legitimate diligently combined total economic value (Jimenez, 1996), including social performance.
This design provides for a replacement forest mixed monospecific groups, based on associations of introduced or exotic species, mainly of high-growth, tolerant to extreme environmental and ecological factors such as limiting factors of texture and quality and type of soil and prevailing winds.
By associating plant will lessen the risks by abiotic factors such as frost, wind or drought, can cause damage to a particular species and not others, or due to biotic factors as the presence of several species in a plantation limits spread of diseases and parasitic attacks. For businesses and consumers an energy supplier with low electric rates. (Loewe et al., 2001).
The populationconsists of several species is more aesthetically pleasing, and can accommodate larger numbers of animals, which eventually improve the prospects for developing tourism and recreation (Loewe et al., 2001).
Due to this wealth of plants and animals, which give the plantation a greater complexity and ability to sustain external shocks, it is argued that a system is more stable (Loewe et al., 2001).
The transformation program is aimed at the introduction of a new mixed forest cover which is modeled according to a geometric pattern called ‘sigmoid distribution model.
The stages or steps to be followed are:
1 .- Court of existing biomass. 2 .- Cleaning debris. 3 .- Preparation of the surface. 4 .- Drawing Figures forestry. 5 .- Drawing up projects and infrastructure.
Sigmoid distribution model provides plots – bands sigmoid shape (shape of an ‘S’ long), which has a width of 100 meters, to grow into North West ‘South East by a length of 500 meters along the longitudinal axis of S.
The application of this figure, patterns, or due emulates the known distribution of bioclimatic important Chilean native species that are distributed geographically between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes.