In July of 1929, Tarsila displays its screens for the first time in Brazil, in Rio De Janeiro. In this exactly year, in virtue of the economic crisis and Stock market in addition of New York consequent, Tarsila and its family of farmers feel in the pocket the effect of the crisis of the coffee. Still in 1929, Oswald de Andrade left Tarsila to be with the Patrician revolutionary Galvo. In 1930, Tarsila obtained the position of conservative of the Pinacoteca of the State of So Paulo. It gave beginning to the organization of the catalogue of the collection of the first museum of So Paulo art. However, with the advent of Getlio Vargas and the fall of Jlio You give, lost the position. In 1931, it vendeu some pictures of its particular collection to be able to travel to the Soviet Union, with its new friend, the medical Osrio northeastern Cesar, who would help Tarsila if to adapt to the different forms of thought social politicians and. The couple travelled Moscow, Leningrad, Odessa, Constantinopla, Belgrade and Berlin.
Soon it would be again in Paris, where it was sensetized with the problems of the laboring classroom. Without money, it worked as construction worker, painter of walls and doors. Soon it obtains the money necessary to come back to Brazil. In Brazil, by participating of meetings left politics and by its arrival after trip to the Ussr, Tarsila is considered suspicion and is imprisoned, subversion defendant. In 1933, when painting the picture ' ' Operrios' ' , the artist passes for a thematic phase of more social, of which the Laboring screens are examples and Second Classroom. In middle of years 30, the writer Luis Martins, twenty years younger than Tarsila, starts to be its friend constant. From the decade of 40, Tarsila starts to paint retaking styles of previous phases.