The problem of the deforestation persists and thus it is the Brazilian scene: ' ' the practical ones of forest fires, selective cut of trees and expansion of the agricultural borders had tried a context still more criticize. The biodiversity of Atlantic Mata suffered brutal reduction. how much, to the too much maleficent effect and undesirable, it is impossible to enumerate them. Desertificao, erosion, fires, infertility, assoreamento of water bodies, climatic changes only constitute a reduced and poor summary of some ambient damages (MILAR, 2009, P. 252). Ahead of this panorama, valley to remember that the forests, as already mentioned, exert diverse autorreguladoras functions of the temperature in the planet land.
The destruction of them will put at risk all a process of carbonic gas absorption and purificao of air, since the solar rays reaching the ground, drying up them, make with that the fretico sheet lowers (SIRVINSKAS, 2011). Therefore, one describes that: Such fact will be able to transform the forest into savannah (type of open pasture, whose roots are deeper in virtue of the water lack). Ademais, tons of carbonic gas are stored in the ground and another part in the proper trees. With the forest fires, this gas is set free in air contributing still more for the global heating (id and ibid, P. 258). Salient, therefore the importance to protect the forests to guarantee a propitious environment for the humanity. This protection if of in such a way in how much international national scope, first if the note when the Great Letter foresees Amazonian the Forest Brazilian, Atlantic Mata, the Mountain range of the Sea, the Pantanal Weed and the Coastal Zone as being national patrimony, having to be preserved for guarantee of the right of all to one environment ecologically balanced (CF/88, art. 225, 4). Already as, in international scope, one has the directed conventions the protection of this good, which Brazil is signatory.