German Federal Environmental Agency

Records of economic operations are among the oldest documents at all. Today the double entry system was developed in the middle ages and is since then largely unchanged in use. The gross national income (GNI), until 1999 gross national product (GNP); English gross national product (GNP) or gross national income (GNI)) is a central term in the national accounts (VGR). This provides the power an economy within a billing period (usually a calendar year), taking into account taxes, subsidies, depreciation, taxes, including dar. The gross national income is this regarded as income indicator of an economy because it the economic performance of the temporary and Income measures. Gross national happiness (GNH) is the attempt, the standard of living in a holistic, humanistic and psychological manner soft facts to define and thus the conventional gross national income, one exclusively by cash flows hard facts certain dimensions, to face a holistic framework hard facts + soft facts.

Source, (C):, author note NWI national welfare index: it follows from the critique of the gross domestic product (GDP) (or on the gross national income (GNI)), that it is not suitable to measure the welfare of a nation or the level of achieved sustainability. This is the still predominant orientation of the GDP but increasingly important, since hard facts goes hand in hand with a kind of growth, which has led worldwide too vast environmental damage and species loss reduction of the bio persitat resource overuse. An index in which such negative consequences against accounted for is so necessary soft facts against hard FA cts be cultures (systematics) against Nature (management)!. With this aim, a project funded by the German Federal Environmental Agency the research facility of the Protestant student community and the Research Centre for environmental policy Berlin has constructed the national welfare index (NWI), composed of 21 variables: on the one hand the welfare services such as domestic work or volunteering neglected so far in the GDP positive including.