art and science

McLuhan Image

It still calls the attention for the limitation that imposes the written language, for its static form to generate meanings, in relation to the dynamism of the verbal language. With the advent, in the Average Age, of the word printed, Gutemberg, and the instauration of the perspective in the painting, attributed the Van Eyck, in Holland, McLuhan goes to say that, from the Average Age, ' ' the sound loses very in importance in the Europe Ocidental' ' (in COAST, the insertion of the sound in the cinema, p.5). ' ' From then on? to see is to believe? , while in other cultures the ear continued to be the main agency of recepo' ' (they idem). Of this ' ' culture of viso' ' established in the world occidental person, had appeared diverse on attempts of entertainment to the image, as the magical lantern, the dark camera? These devices are in the origin of the invention of the photograph and, subsequently, the cinema. It is understandable, then, that the general vision that if had of the cinema, in its primrdios, was atrelada directly to the image and that some denied the participation of the sound in its process. This does not deny the comment of Altman when it says that it was in the fight against the teatralidade that the image left preponderant to the light of the theoreticians of the time, only corroborates for the understanding of situation where everything this if gave.

The image, in first the thirty years of the cinema, dominated the scene, relegating to the sonorous accompaniment a lesser function of what ' ' attraction principal' '. When it was obtained to imbutir sound to the images, was all the paradigm of the cinema, in its form and content, that was broken. To accept this change if disclosed a laborious process for many, that saw the old model of its passion to pull down.

Shopping Centers Private

Amongst the spaces produced for this end, we will focus in them in shopping to center and the closed condominium for already being sufficiently spread and already having acquired enormous visibility in the city contemporary. Frgoli if relates to these spaces, increased to the enterprise centers, as ‘ ‘ processes modernizadores more recentes’ ‘ , for being enclaves that they reject the sphere public or they search to recriar it its in accordance with private interests. Ahead of these processes of privatization the public scene would tend if to become a mere simulation. (FRUGOLI cf. ABRAHO, 2005:129) the intention to reproduce the public in the private one does not possess as reason only the fear of the violence, is part of ampler process of subordination of the space and the time to the necessities of the market, conferring to them value of merchandise (CARLOS, 2003:85). Therefore the speech of the violence and concern with well-being loads obtains other on values to the consumerism, the intention of social segregation and the desire to get or to keep prestige in the society. In this context, the process of production of the urban space follows a logic that it searchs to take care of the necessities of accumulation in the market through the constant creation of new necessities, transformation of use elements and ways of life in merchandises to be consumed.