Municipal City

To conclude, I believe that only it can have sustainable development in a process that has taken information, education to all and that the involved actors participant are compromised. Francisco Carlos de Figueiredo Silva, civil engineer (1985) UFPR, employee of the Municipal City hall of Curitiba; regional administrator of 1.989 the 2004..

Third Cycle

The population of the center of the bush was if agglutinating next to the rivers to the region if transforming into small communities. In the regions where the barrentos rivers propitiated a more fertile land, agriculture caretaker was transformed into subsistence plantation. In other regions, bathed for black waters, the vegetal and animal extrativismo continued being main the half one of survival of the population. ' ' In this space of exclusively collecting economy a sufficiently different society of the others in ecological areas was formed brasileiras' ' (TOCANTINS, L. Life Culture and Action. 1969, P. 40) the direct dependence to the public power was accented as a subjective form of slavery, transferring the power of ' ' master of seringal' ' for the State.

As the economic Cycle, implanted with the opening of the Zona Franca call of Manaus, is again an only instrument of the economy of the State that, in contrast of ' ' Empire of the Borracha' ' , it did not arrive to cause direct repercussions in the economic and social development of the interior. In 1996 the government of the State installed the Program Third Cycle, or cycle of agricultural development, more specifically in the interior, stimulating the cities, with aid technique subsidies in the commercialization, to plant grains used in the feeding of the amazonense population, as rice, beans, maize, cassava and others. In the majority of the cities, the Third Cycle did not reach the waited results, keeping the social area relegated the assistencialistas programs and to the resources of the municipal administration. The existing social condition, strengthened for the relations of being able, makes it difficult the awareness of the rights. Of this form, its population always is submitted to the act of receiving of benefits and, in debt, for ' ' favores' ' received. Exactly thus, they use the available and possible resources for the attainment of what they need, but are relegated to the abandonment and criticized by its ways of survival, proceeding, in its majority, them natural resources that had learned to know and to manage, in a relation of integration with the nature on which they depend.


This trend implies in side by side placing more productive activities and more people, in a space that it is holding more than what it can. The consequncia of this is saturation of this space. However, the persistence of this trend compels the advance of the antropizao (understood as the result of the action of the Man on the Nature) of spaces of entorno more immediate of these consolidated areas already. This is made to the expenseses of the surrounding spaces, most of the time, spaces with a dispersed standard of occupation, directed toward the exploration of farming activities, whose markets would be the great urban areas and regions metropolitans. Or of natural areas, until then, intocadas. This process of continuity of concentration of activities and people in consolidated areas requires expenses in bigger investments each time. As these resources they are scarce, has a dispute between the great urban areas and metropolitans and the urban centers of lesser transport, with the delay of these, delay this each bigger time, to the measure that in we move away from the great urban areas and metropolitans to them. with this, does not sobram many resources for integration and joint of the lesser urban centers, causing that gamma of malaise? previously mentioned? that it bothers the citizens, and whose cause is attributed the sectorial factors, but whose origins derive from the forms as the territory comes being busy. The growth of population and productive activities in the areas in expansion, mainly, most remote of the territory and more distant of main the great urban centers tends, also to the antropizao of areas, until then, intocadas. If these areas in expansion if find to the areas metropolitans relatively next and of the great urban centers, the trend will be the meeting enters the consolidated areas in expansion and areas already, forming one continuum urban-metropolitan, where the malaise felt for the majority of the citizens will be intensified.