Third Cycle

The population of the center of the bush was if agglutinating next to the rivers to the region if transforming into small communities. In the regions where the barrentos rivers propitiated a more fertile land, agriculture caretaker was transformed into subsistence plantation. In other regions, bathed for black waters, the vegetal and animal extrativismo continued being main the half one of survival of the population. ' ' In this space of exclusively collecting economy a sufficiently different society of the others in ecological areas was formed brasileiras' ' (TOCANTINS, L. Life Culture and Action. 1969, P. 40) the direct dependence to the public power was accented as a subjective form of slavery, transferring the power of ' ' master of seringal' ' for the State.

As the economic Cycle, implanted with the opening of the Zona Franca call of Manaus, is again an only instrument of the economy of the State that, in contrast of ' ' Empire of the Borracha' ' , it did not arrive to cause direct repercussions in the economic and social development of the interior. In 1996 the government of the State installed the Program Third Cycle, or cycle of agricultural development, more specifically in the interior, stimulating the cities, with aid technique subsidies in the commercialization, to plant grains used in the feeding of the amazonense population, as rice, beans, maize, cassava and others. In the majority of the cities, the Third Cycle did not reach the waited results, keeping the social area relegated the assistencialistas programs and to the resources of the municipal administration. The existing social condition, strengthened for the relations of being able, makes it difficult the awareness of the rights. Of this form, its population always is submitted to the act of receiving of benefits and, in debt, for ' ' favores' ' received. Exactly thus, they use the available and possible resources for the attainment of what they need, but are relegated to the abandonment and criticized by its ways of survival, proceeding, in its majority, them natural resources that had learned to know and to manage, in a relation of integration with the nature on which they depend.